Chemical Warfare Material (CWM)
Chemical warfare materials (CWM) (i.e., chemical munitions and chemical agents in non-munitions configurations) that were expended during live-fire training or testing are known or suspected to be present at munitions response sites (CWM sites) and other locations (e.g., operational ranges). Such CWM is not part of DOD's stockpile demilitarization program.
- Public Law (PL) 104-208
- PL 105-261
- PL 109-364, Section 314
Program oversight for DOD's CWM has been delegated to the ASA (IE&E).
CWM sites are located on Army Active installations, Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) sites, and Formally Used Defense Sites (FUDS). Only recently (first used in early 2000) has technology for both determining the potential fill of munitions with an unknown liquid fill and onsite destruction of any recovered CWM been available to use.
- National Research Council (NRC). Remediation of Buried Chemical Warfare Materiel (2012).
- NRC. Review of International Technologies for Destruction of Recovered Chemical Warfare Materiel (2006).