Other Related CWM Program Activities
The United States chemical weapons stockpile served as an important deterrent for more than half a century, but by 1985, with the rise of international concern regarding the effects of chemical warfare, Congress directed the Army to destroy the stockpile. The Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization (PMCD) was the organization formed by the Army to carry out this mission. At the time, the only proven chemical weapons destruction technology was incineration. As plans for the destruction of the stockpile were developed, environmental organizations, community members living near stockpile sites, and government regulatory agencies began discussing other means by which the stockpile might be destroyed. The Chemical Materiel Agency (CMA) has complied with the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention, an international treaty which the United States and more than 150 other nations have signed as their pledge to rid the world of chemical weapons.
Congress established the Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment Program (ACWA), under Public Law (PL) 104-208 to identify and demonstrate at least two technologies as alternatives to incineration for the destruction of assembled chemical weapons (assembled chemical weapons meaning munitions containing chemical agent configured with fuzes, explosives and propellant).
In its initial 1996 law, and again in follow-on legislation two years later (PL 105-261), Congress directed that the ACWA program be conducted independently from the Army’s chemical demilitarization effort under Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization (PMCD), and further stipulated that the ACWA program manager report directly to the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
The Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project (NSCMP) leads the Nation in the development and utilization of advance technology to safely eliminate America's remaining non-stockpile chemical materiel in a safe, environmentally sound and cost-effective manner. NSCMP researches and develops treatment options and destruction plans that comply with all federal, state and local regulations and encourage public participation in its activities.